How Do Battery Electric Cars Work?

Battery electric vehicles, or BEVs, use electricity stored in a battery pack to power an electric motor and turn the wheels. When depleted, the batteries are recharged using grid electricity, either from a wall socket or a dedicated charging unit. Since they don’t run on gasoline or diesel and are powered entirely by electricity, battery electric cars and trucks are considered “all-electric” vehicles.

Emissions from electric vehicles depend on where the vehicle is charged.When driven, BEVs don’t produce tailpipe pollution—they don’t even have a tailpipe. However, the electricity they use may produce heat-trapping gases and other pollution at the source of its generation or in the extraction of fossil fuels. The amount of pollution produced depends on how the electricity is made. In the United States, battery electric cars charged off the dirtiest coal-dominated grid still produce less pollution than their gasoline-powered counterparts. BEVs powered by renewable energy sources like wind or solar are virtually emission-free.

Not using gasoline or diesel also means that battery electric cars are significantly cheaper to fuel than conventional vehicles. Exact comparisons depend on the vehicle model and fuel prices, but driving a BEV can save drivers over $1,000 annually in gasoline money.

Battery electric vehicle features

Like other electric and hybrid-electric vehicles, BEVs minimize wasted energy by turning the car off when stopped (“idle-off”) and by charging the battery when braking (“regenerative braking”). Electric motors are also inherently more energy-efficient than gasoline or diesel engines.

How battery-electric cars work

Battery electric cars have the added benefit of home recharging. A 240-volt outlet, similar to those used for clothes dryers, can charge a vehicle overnight. Fully-charged, most battery electric cars have a driving range of between 70 to 100 miles, well within the day-to-day range requirements of most Americans, though some BEVs can go up to 265 miles on a single charge. An increasing number of public and workplace charging stations provide added charging capacity.

More subjectively, many drivers appreciate the driving experience provided by all-electric cars. Electric motors generate near-instant torque, or turning-force, while the torque of internal combustion engines increases in tandem with the engine’s revolutions (RPM). This means that BEVs have extremely fast acceleration and a “light” or “zippy” feel compared to conventional cars and trucks.

Differences between battery electric cars and other EVs

Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles have both an electric motor and a conventional gasoline or diesel engine. Compared to a battery electric vehicle, this extends the total driving range but lowers the all-electric range. Conventional hybrids, which can’t be plugged in, aren’t considered electric vehicles.

Fuel cell electric vehicles convert hydrogen gas into electricity to power an electric motor and battery. Fuel cell vehicles are a relatively new technology in passenger vehicles, but have a substantial carbon-cutting role to play alongside other all-electric vehicles.

Health apps, new tech continue to help users live a healthy lifestyle

Smartphones and wearable technologies have made living a healthy lifestyle and reaching your fitness goals easier than ever.

Training for a marathon or simply increasing your physical activity level is all about motivation, and now it can be as simple as downloading an app to your smartphone or putting on a wearable device like a fitness tracker.  With these integrated technologies, you can learn your heart rate, track your daily steps, log your food intake and more – all while staying in stride with your regular routine.

According to mobile analytics platform Localytics, which monitors more than 20,000 apps, there was a 19 percent increase in new health and fitness apps in 2013 (compared to 2012).

“What we see is that more and more people are interested in having little, effortless influence on their activity,” Raphael Auphan, project manager at Withings, told Withings’ new Withings Aura sleep system (available Spring 2014) uses a bedside device and an under-mattress sleep sensor to track sleep patterns and control bedroom noise pollution and light levels.  The invention won the 2014 CES Innovation Award in the health and fitness category.

“Users are now used to the seamless experience,” Auphan said.  “Even compared to five to six years ago… it’s definitely a trend.”

For developers, it’s all about making the technology part of users’ everyday lives – without being unnatural. For people who use a scale every day, stepping on a device that seamlessly uploads your weight, body mass index and body fat percentage to an app makes it more likely that you’ll pay attention to these measurements.

 “We found that [as we] streamline the experience and make it really simple and intuitive for users, the more effective it can become,” Jason Jacobs, founder and CEO of Runkeeper, told

The popular Runkeeper app tracks users’ fitness activity, but also collects data to make the experience more personal for each user. Not only can users see their running routes and mileage, they can also find and set a fitness goal and follow a specific training plan – such as preparing for a marathon.

“The ultimate goal of most of these apps is to change behavior,” Scott Snyder, co-founder and chief strategy officer of Mobiquity, a mobile engagement provider, told  “To do that, we have to treat each user differently to see what moves them. Mobile devices are the most transformative to be able to do that.”

As developers push toward more personalized programs that use complex data, they’re simultaneously trying to make the user experience simpler.

Jacobs likens the experience to owning a car.  Everyone can look under the hood to check out the systems, but most people just want to see an alert system on the dashboard to tell them when the mechanic needs to check it out. It’s about getting people to analyze their data and take action toward their goals, he said.

“When you wear an activity tracker, [it becomes] interesting  when it stops influencing your behavior,” Snyder said. Initially, users check their data frequently, but taper off as healthier habits becomes part of their routine.

Crowdfunded Music Tech Is Creating Whole New Instruments

Musical instruments have been honed over hundreds of years, and there’s long been tension between the old and the new—from crowds of purists booing a newly electrified Bob Dylan to DJs rallying against digital mixing desks over traditional vinyl.

As technology in this area is empowered further by the crowdfunding model, the scope of music tech has expanded to not only augment instruments, but potentially create new ones, altering the way something is played or consumed.

Singer-songwriter Pete Roe, designer of the crowdfunded Submarine pickup, sees musicians’ adoption of modern technology as an extension of something that’s always happened. “When buildings like cathedrals, with their incredibly long reverbs, became possible, music that took full advantage of the space appeared soon after,” he said. “It’s just the same now, only the technological advances are different. Rather than a reverberant space it’s a plugin, app or guitar pedal.”

But musician Joe Newman, a guitarist with Jessie Ware, Ghostpoet and ESKA who also works with sample triggering and electronics, is more reticent about too much reliance on new tech, arguing that “it doesn’t solve problems so much as create new ones.”Roe’s Submarine is a simple two-string pickup that fits underneath the bottom strings of a guitar, which, when run through a bass pedal, gives the effect of a bass and guitar played simultaneously. Essentially, it’s a neat way of splitting the output of the instrument—something people have done for years now. That said, he has already noticed the device opening up the idea to different genres: “Looking at our backers, there are a number of TV and film composers, some metallers, a sound installation artist and a steel pan/guitar duo, so the appeal is broad.”

Projects such as Sensory Percussion, a drum-trigger that attempts to combine the nuance of regular drumming with the scope of digital sounds, takes this idea one step further. By allowing drummers to map their own playing styles to a digital interface, it is in effect a new instrument. The sonic range is limitless. Musicians like Kiran Gandhi (MIA), Ian Chang (Son Lux), and Matt Duckworth and Nicholas Ley (The Flaming Lips) all speak gleefully in the pitch video about the potential of this bit of kit to change not only the sound of the instrument but the role it plays within a band.

Then we come to examples like the Artiphon Instrument, which is altogether more revolutionary and democratic in its aims. We believe anyone can make music, and that most people really want to,” its website states. This device synthesises guitar, piano, pedal steel, violin…whatever you want basically, and can be played in whichever way is most comfortable—plucked, padded, or bowed.

“Learning a stringed instrument hurts! You get callouses. You have to learn muscle memory… It’s not nice!”

It marks a change in music tech. Whereas Sensory Percussion and Submarine both come from a desire to address a need within their respective instruments and expand their capabilities, the Artiphon does something different altogether. By synthesizing the sounds of multiple instruments, as well as making them easier to produce, it has the ability to democratise music in the same way that things like Instagram and Picfair have launched a spate of amateur photographers.

In this, Newman sees a big problem. “Learning a stringed instrument hurts! You get callouses. You have to learn muscle memory… It’s not nice!” he said. “So the logic behind solving that is sound to a degree, but that’s also a part of learning an instrument. What worries me about the Artiphon is that I don’t think you’ll see a new spate of really creative people come out of that, especially if they aim it at beginners.”

Other examples of music tech—midi guitars, synths, Moogs—have achieved their longevity because they either have enough tactile parameters to give them a human feel, or because they have been taken on and used in a new way. The Mellotron, for example, was intended for home use—Princess Margaret was a fan. It was only when it got picked up by the Beatles that it began being used in contemporary music as a musical texture all of its own.Music technology has always developed in a way that enables new musicians to spark up their own brand of creativity—the Submarine and Sensory Percussion are two new examples. However, with the likes of the Artiphon we have something new; with the opportunities it offers to the non-traditional, non-musician, it could create a new sector of performers, even a new branch of music. But is it too easy?

According to Newman, a new, postmodern problem could present itself. “You’ve got a whole generation of kids, whose parents grew up listening to guitar or orchestral music, who can recreate that themselves using laptops and other technology… So what does the next generation do?” he said.

Samsung smart TV: Everything you need to know

Almost all of Samsung’s latest TVs are now ‘smart’, meaning they can be connected to the internet to open up a world of apps, such as BBC iPlayer and ITV Player, along with web browsing and video streaming on your TV screen.

In terms of the breadth of apps available, Samsung is a step ahead of rival brands, and its smart-TV platform is among the easiest to use. Read on for more on Samsung smart TV.

Samsung smart TV: what you get

Most Samsung smart TVs now come with built-in wi-fi, meaning you can connect them to the internet wirelessly. However, you usually also have the option to connect with a cable instead if you like.

After connecting, you’ll get access to a web browser for surfing websites, and a range of apps (see more below) either pre-loaded, or available for you to download from the app store, much like you might see on a smartphone or tablet.

Samsung smart-TV apps:

  • Facebook: Yes
  • Twitter: Yes
  • Skype: Yes
  • YouTube: Yes
  • BBC News: Yes
  • BBC Sport: Yes
  • Amazon Instant Video: Yes
  • Netflix: Yes
  • Knowhow Movies: Yes
  • NOW TV: No
  • BBC iPlayer: Yes
  • ITV Player: Yes
  • 4oD: Yes
  • Demand 5: Yes

Samsung smart TV 2014 key features

Smart hub: From here, you’ll navigate all the Samsung smart-TV features, including the apps, web browser and other services. You can access it via a dedicated button on the remote control.

On TV: This monitors your viewing habits and then recommends other programmes based on what you like to watch. If you don’t want the TV to track what you’re watching, however, you can decline the ‘recommendations privacy policy’ in the smart hub settings menu to stop it.

Remote management: This is almost like having 24/7 tech support for your TV. It enables a Samsung engineer to remotely access your TV and help troubleshoot any problems you may have with it.

Smart security: This feature is designed to protect your smart TV and any connected storage media, such as a USB memory stick or hard drive, from hackers and viruses when you’re using it online.

Samsung smart TV: how can I get one?

Samsung makes a huge range of smart TVs, and the good news is that you don’t need to spend a fortune to buy one.

As of 2014, Samsung smart TV models start from its 5-Series upwards, just above the entry-level 4-Series. You can buy a 32-inch smart model in the 5-Series for just over £300.

As you go up through the more expensive 6, 7, 8 and 9-Series Samsung smart TVs, you still get the same apps and software, but the hardware changes.

For example, 8-Series Samsung smart TVs released in 2014 have Quad-core Plus processors, meaning they should in theory be faster when you’re using your TV’s apps and web browser. They also come with Samsung’s ‘smart touch control’ remote (see more below).

Samsung ‘smart touch control’ remote

Samsung smart TVs always come with a standard remote control, but more premium models also either support, or come with a ‘smart touch control’ remote.

The more recent remote features an oval design that we found to be a comfortable fit in your hand. The large trackpad from previous versions has been dropped in favour of a small one in its centre, surrounded by the direction keys.

If you place light pressure on the trackpad with your thumb, a little blue cursor pops up on screen and you can use it to navigate around the smart-TV features. To open any item you want takes just a click on the trackpad.

You can search the web with your voice by saying commands into the remote’s microphone. It’s NFC-enabled, so you can pair it your smartphone by tapping them together and then share content, such as videos and photos, with the TV.

Evolution kit: Upgrade your Samsung smart TV

If you have an older Samsung smart TV and want to get the latest smart features, but without shelling out on a brand new set – the ‘smart evolution kit’ could be the answer.

Costing around £200, this gadget fits into a slot on the back of compatible Samsung 7 or 8-Series TVs. Although it doesn’t improve picture quality, you do get the latest version of Samsung’s smart TV platform, along with a hardware upgrade.

For example, the 2014 evolution kit upgrades the TV’s processing power from dual core to quad core; the CPU is boosted from 1Hz to 1.3Hz; the graphics GPU goes from 400Mhz to 500Mhz; and the memory is bumped from 1GB to 1.5GB

Everything should be quicker and slicker than before and you can – in theory at least – keep upgrading your compatible TV each year to the latest spec.

5 Best Antivirus All Time

5. Trend Micro Internet Security 2015

Trend Micro Internet Security 2015

With such a good performance and the lower asking price, Trend Internet Security 2015 represents very good value, even though it misses out on certain extras offered by some of its competition.

4. Bitdefender Total Security 2015

Bitdefender Total Security 2015

Bitdefenderis consistently among the best IS suites we’ve tested and also provides the best AV protection, according to AV-Test. There are a few small chinks in its armour, though. The syncing process, by which it backs up designated files and folders is by no means clear and 2 GB of storage for a 3-PC package is downright mean. We’d want to check why the anti-theft feature places us in South Yorkshire, too.

3. Avast Free Antivirus 2015

Avast Free Antivirus 2015

Avast Free Antivirus 2015 is one of the best free security products you can install. It offers a surprising range of free goodies, including application and browser app analysis and, separately, an excellent Android suite, covering AV and anti-theft. A better than average AV-Test rating completes a very impressive picture.

2. Bitdefender Internet Security 2015

Bitdefender Internet Security 2015

This is one of the very best AV suites available, in terms of outright protection against malware. It’s also very good at not throwing up false warnings, but there are other products offering more auxiliary modules for the money.

1. Symantec Norton Security with Backup

Symantec Norton Security with Backup

Offering excellent value with 10 licences to cover all your devices, Norton Security with Backup also offers a strong feature set and very good protection from viruses and other malware. Recommended.

Free cPanel Hosting – An Industry Leader

There are such a variety of good things individuals say in regards to Web Hosting Mumbai. Picking it makes no space for second thoughts. At the point when one is wanting to manufacture a site, it is best to pick either paid or free cPanel facilitating.

A site is effortlessly dealt with cPanel. Its instinctive graphical interface makes control of all site viewpoints simple notwithstanding for tenderfoots. Providers offer this innovation as a free boundless facilitating bundle that may even accompany free area. With its colossal elements and client audits, it has racked up grants.

It is the most prominent decision among the individuals who are searching for a prevalent web facilitating supplier. With its capacity to handle a wide range of web application including WordPress creation; email administration; and programming transfers; it makes the expense of the whole bundle shabby or sensible. There are cPanel bundles offered as free web administrations or there are paid variants which offer boundless access to great components.

CPanel’s notoriety has without a doubt developed. It is said to be an Industry pioneer. A decent number of SEO Company in Mumbai facilitating affiliate likewise has faith in the nature of cPanel. The innovation’s capacities are known comprehensively to be one of the best.

Working with cPanel can be said as a drop in the bucket. Figuring out how to set up FTP records or MySQL databases, putting or lifting area names and email records is never merciless. Industry specialists even concur that this innovation adjusted how the world manages web facilitating. Nerds, non tech-clever people and business destinations advantage from it.

CPanel’s modules are likewise outstanding. It has the capacity to incorporate Fantastico. With the script auto-installer, making weblogs, for example, WordPress, Joomla, Drupal and so forth are simple. It is likewise perfect with RVSiteBuilder and SiteReptile which makes site building advantageous.

On the off chance that one loses all sense of direction during the time spent site-fabricating, one can allude to the Getting Started Wizard. It will get you back on track. For those with some experience, you’d discover the elements shockingly glorious. The innovation likewise develops with time. New elements and upgrades are consistently included the control board to make it more receptive to client’s necessities.

Another incredible thing with free cPanel facilitating is its immense client base. This makes it workable for a few bolster materials, for example, starter aides, instructional exercise features, blog entries, and others to end up accessible. This makes the innovation additionally inviting to numerous clients. There are other free boundless facilitating suppliers out there like PHP, ASP, Data Hosting, WHM AutoPilot Host, and numerous others. In any case, nothing looks at to cPanel. Should you wish to investigate surveys of web facilitating destinations, you can visit index locales.

How to Use Twonky Beam With a Samsung TV

When it comes to streaming with Twonky Beam, Samsung TVs aren’t always the most cooperative devices. Getting your Samsung TV to interact properly with Twonky Beam depends on what model television you have — some models require configuration, and some work off-the-bat. Either way, so long as your TV is a supported model you’ll be beaming in no time.

Getting Twonky Beam

  • Twonky Beam is only available for Android and iOS devices, but is free on both devices (links in Resources). Before you can begin beaming, you’ll need to download the appropriate app from your device’s respective app store. Twonky Beam used to be available for Windows, Mac and Linux as part of the MyTwonky service, but this service was discontinued in 2013, with no replacement desktop app made available as of July 2014.

Checking for Compatible TVs

  • Before you begin beaming to your TV, you need to confirm that your TV is compatible with Twonky Beam. Twonky offers a list of all compatible devices (link in Resources), including set-top boxes and televisions. When checking the list, click “Legacy DLNA,” as none of the other categories are compatible. If your TV is equipped with DLNA, and is compatible with Twonky Beam, it should appear on this list. If your TV isn’t listed, it’s unlikely Twonky Beam will work.

Configuring AllShare

  • If your TV doesn’t immediately appear on your Twonky Beam list for beaming, but it is on the list of compatible devices, then you’ll probably need to configure the TV for media sharing. Press the “Menu” button on your remote and select “Applications,” followed by “Content View” and “AllShare.” Once in the AllShare menu, select “Media” and set it to “On” using the Enter key on your remote. If prompted, select “Allow” to begin media sharing. Once AllShare is enabled, Twonky Beam should be able to discover your television on its device list.

Beaming to Your TV

  • Twonky Beam works as a kind of minimalist Web browsing app on your phone, where you can connect to different websites and browse the content as usual. The primary difference is that all non-Flash video content doesn’t immediately begin playing when you tap the Play button. Instead, a small menu appears asking what you want to do, including a button marked “Beam.” By selecting this button and your TV, your phone will stream the video to your TV, instead of playing it on your phone.

How To Buy Electric Cars Cheap

Electric cars are the new trend in the automobile industry. Hybrid cars are definitely the hot item, as the economy and environmentally conscious world is starting to favor these specific cars. Almost everyone is going through this electric car conversion, as it is more economical, but most importantly is best for the environment. While you can build you own electric car, many car manufacturers have hundreds of great, reliable electric cars at cheap prices!


  1. Go to this is one of many websites that specialize in hybrids, from which you can find the most suitable elecrtic cars for yout liking.
  2. Second, begin to select the three cheapest price for your budget, yet making sure that the quality is still there in those electric cars. Hybrids can be found used quite commonly now, and they will continue to become cheaper!
  3. Always be willing to contact your local mechanic with the details of your potential electric cars, and see if they can prepare sucessful maintenance on any of those electric cars. Hybrid cars are something that many mechanics do not know how to repair, as their is more electric knowledge needed. While newer auto mechanical training has made focus on hybrid cars, you need to make sure you have a dependable mechanic to do such repair if needed.
  4. Select the electric car you find best matches your quality, preferences, and pricing.

How to Protect a Computer From Viruses

Protect a Computer From Viruses
If you think your computer may be infected, take all necessary steps to clear your system and avoid infecting other computers.


  1. Be cautious about what disks and files you accept from other people.
  2. Don’t reuse disks that have been in other computers, don’t download files from insecure sites, and don’t open e-mail attachments unless you are expecting them. Be wary of messages and attachments, even from people you know, with vague subject lines and contents, such as ‘Check this’ or ‘See these pics!!!’
  3. Obtain an antivirus program to more safely share disks, download files from the Internet and open e-mail attachments.
  4. If your system gets a virus, visit your virus-scan software manufacturer’s Web site and install any virus updates that are available. Then run the software. The software may not be able to delete the virus, but it may be able to identify it.
  5. Search the Web for information regarding your specific virus by typing the name of the virus or its associated file into a search engine, followed by the word ‘virus.’ For example, ‘Melissa virus,’ ‘BubbleBoy virus,’ and so on.
  6. Download and install any software patches or other programs that will help you eliminate the virus. Or follow any instructions you find on deleting the virus manually.
  7. Run another virus scan to make sure the virus was dealt with properly.
  8. Employ extra caution when you receive attachments that end in the commonly used extensions .doc, .exe, .com, .xls or .ppt. Never open attachments that end in .vbs or .js, since a typical user would never have a reason to open these files.

How to: Smartphone to TV

How to: Smartphone to TV

The advancement of smart-phone technology allows for continued integration with other entertainment media such as television and computers. High-definition Multimedia Interface, also known as HDMI, was first released in 2003 and continues to be the leading high-definition tool in the premium entertainment market. Use HDMI connections with many electronics from next-generation video game consoles such as the Xbox 360 and PS3, to the Sony Bravia TV, and smart phones such as the HTC Evo 4G with its HDMI-out port for connectivity with televisions.

Step 1:Inspect your smart phone to make sure it has a Micro-D HDMI-Out port. Connect the Micro D-HDMI cable into your smart phone, and make sure the HDMI cable connection is snug and fully connected into the device.

Step 2:Place the other end of the Micro-D HDMI cable into a HDMI-in port of the television. Make sure the television is set to the correct HDMI output on the monitor so you can view the phone’s video capabilities.

Step 3:Play a presentation, video or slide show stored on your smart phone. It should appear on your television screen. Cell phone manufacturers do not allow you to show the normal phone interface on the TV screen, so when you connect your smart phone to your TV, do not expect a jumbo-sized texting screen. The output is only meant for media such as video or multimedia presentations.

The Advantages of Smart Boards Vs. Flat Screen TV

A flat-screen TV does not have touch-screen capabilities.

When deciding whether to purchase a smart board or a flat-screen TV, the deciding factor should be which of the two screens better suits your needs. In some scenarios a flat-screen TV clear display may be more desirable, while in others the smart board’s interactive touch screen is better. It’s important to weigh the advantages and disadvantages of one against the other when making your decision.

Advantages of Smart Boards

  • There are several advantages a smart board has over any flat-screen TV. The smart board is linked to a computer and allows users to perform all the functions the computer is capable of, all by touching the screen. Due to this feature, the smart board has replaced many chalkboards in schools. You can write, draw, open applications, save documents, search the Internet, play videos, view pictures and present information in an interactive manner.

Advantages of Flat-Screen TVs

  • A major advantage of a flat-screen TVs is the price tag. Flat-screen TVs range in price from less than $400 to more than $3,000 depending on the brand and size. Additionally, flat-screen TVs don’t require a computer to operate, but most models can connect to a computer and be used as a monitor. Philips’ MediaConnect software even allows users to link their computer wireless to their flat-screen TVs.

Disadvantages of Smart Boards

  • A disadvantage of smart boards is that their price ranges from $999 to over $6,000, making them more expensive than most flat-screen TVs. The 64-inch SMART SB660i4 retails for $4,399, while the 65-inch Panasonic TC-P65GT30 starts at $3,327.95. This doesn’t include the added cost of the computer that a smart board requires to operate. The necessity of having a permanent computer, the installation of the projector and various other software upgrades are other disadvantages of the smart board.

Disadvantages of Flat-Screen TVs

  • The major difference between smart boards and flat-screen TVs is the interactive touch screen, which flat-screen TVs lack. While they are able to connect with computers and display presentations in the same manner, a user will still need to interact with the computer. The ability to change, adjust, select, open files or draw pie charts by touching the screen is unavailable on flat-screen TVs.

How to Adjust My Magnavox Smart Series TV

The Magnavox Smart Series television is a tube style, color television set. The size of these televisions may range from 20 inches up to 32 inches or larger. When the picture is too dark or does not look right, it will need to be adjusted. This is done by using the remote control for the TV. You have the option to adjust the television automatically using Smart Picture, or by using manual settings.

Smart Picture

  1. Press the “Smart Picture” button on the remote. This will display the current setting for the Smart Picture option.
  2. Press the “Smart Picture” button to scroll through the available options. You may select “Weak Signal,” “Movies,” “Sports” and “Personal.”
  3. Select “Personal” to manually change the picture options for the television.

Manual Adjustment

  1. Press the “Menu” button on the remote control to display the menu on the screen.
  2. Press the “CH-” button or channel down button to display the “Picture” sub-menu on the screen.
  3. Press the “CH-” or “Ch+” buttons to scroll through the picture adjustment options. You have the choice of “Color,” “Brightness,” “Sharpness,” “Tint,” “Blue Back” or “C. Temp.”
  4. Highlight and option you want and press the “Vol+” or “Vol-” buttons to increase or decrease the setting.
  5. Press the “Menu” button to close each sub-menu and the main menu screen.

Music Production Colleges in Georgia

Several music production colleges in Georgia prepare students for this career field.
Music producers oversee all aspects of a recording session, from the instruments to the financial matters, according to Modern music production is very dependent on computer software and digital technology. In Georgia, the music industry is huge, with the capital Atlanta even being dubbed the hub of music in the Southeast, according to Music producers can make between $37,000 and $52,000 a year. Music production colleges in Georgia give students the classroom instruction and hands-on experience they need to succeed in this competitive field.

Georgia State University

  • The Georgia State University School of Music offers a bachelor’s degree program in music technology, which includes recording and music production. The university is located in Atlanta. The program trains students aesthetically and practically to work as music technologists and audio engineers. Students in the program gain the skills they need to work in artistic, technical or producer/director roles in music and music-related media areas. In addition, the program features an internship at the end. To enter the program, candidates should have a strong background in music performance and reading, and they must complete an audition. The school features practice rooms, a recording studio, teaching studios, state-of-the-art rehearsal halls and a performance hall. In addition, members of the school’s faculty have studied nationally and internationally. The university was founded in 1913. The Georgia State University School of Music is accredited by the National Association of Schools of Music.

    Georgia State University
    School of Music Administrative Offices
    Haas Howell Building
    75 Poplar St., 5th Floor
    Atlanta, GA 30303

Georgia Institute of Technology

  • Georgia Institute of Technology, located in Atlanta, offers a master’s degree program in music technology. Students in this program can choose to concentrate on the area of music and media production. To enroll in the program, students must already have their bachelor’s degrees and must submit past official transcripts, letters of reference/recommendation and Graduate Record Exam (GRE) test scores. The school was actually named one of the best universities in 2010 by U.S. News and World Report. Founded in 1885, Georgia Institute of Technology is accredited by the Commission on Colleges of the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools.

    Georgia Institute of Technology
    Music Department
    College of Architecture
    840 McMillan St.
    Atlanta, GA 30332

Georgia Southern University

  • Georgia Southern University offers a master’s degree program in music technology. Located in Statesboro, the school teaches students how to use cutting edge digital audio tools and learn studio techniques, examining both the technical and aesthetic aspects of music technology. Students in the program complete elective courses in information technology as well as music. The capstone is a final project. Founded in 1906, Georgia Southern University is accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools.

    Georgia Southern University
    1770 Southern Drive
    Marvin Pittman Administration Building
    Statesboro, GA 30458

The Effect of Digital Technology on Music

Digital technology has changed the way we listen to music.
Just as with words, numbers and graphic images, sound can be turned into digital data. Sound’s transformation from a mechanical and analog experience to one contained within a computer’s memory continues to expand. From the very first computers generating electrical impulses to vibrate a speaker, to today’s worldwide recording industry, digital technology affects music in many ways. Today, the compact disc, MP3 music file, synthesizer and wireless microphone connection are all part of digital technology’s complete integration with making and listening to music.


  • The most obvious illustration of digital technology and music is the synthesizer. Employing digital data to create, control, fluctuate and mimic sound, the synthesizer is used in many ways to make and enhance music. Although most widely known as a keyboard device similar to a piano, synthesizers can produce sound with input from many sources–guitar strings, drums and of course computer keyboards. Since the advent of digital circuitry with synthesizers in the 1970s, older analog instruments with vacuum tubes, knobs and dials have become very rare.


  • As digital technology has miniaturized to the point of being almost microscopic, making music is also a much less complicated effort. Whether in studio for recording a musician, or listening to an iPod personal music player, digital miniaturization makes music easier and more affordable for every aspect of the musical experience. Whole recording studios can now be contained in a personal computer. Outstanding stereo sound is available in small earplugs attached to a device the size of a pack of gum. Although traditional instruments such as trombones and tubas still need room for a performance, the microphones and recording devices saving their sounds are now smaller and more capable than machines 20 years ago that filled a whole room.


  • There can be no music industry without recording the sound for replay. Without recording, all music would need to be a live performance. Digital recording is taking sounds from any instrument and storing it as data to be retrieved later for editing, mixing and eventually copying for distribution. There are criticisms of digital recording that it is not as “warm” or realistic as older analog (tape or phonograph) recording. As research and development with musical digital recording continues, however, the differences between old and new continue to diminish.


  • Digitally processing music is now a desktop job. Whereas in years past, a producer and music editor would spend hours or days listening to tapes, cutting with razor blades, splicing pieces together and rerecording multiple sounds onto other tapes, today it’s all done with a computer. Digital processing allows a music producer to take sounds recorded months or years apart in different areas of the world, bring them to one computer platform and mix them quickly using special music processing software.

Music Files

  • One of the most pervasive aspects of digital recording seen is the way music is copied and played. MP3 files are digital music formats playable as a standard file on almost every digital musical device. MP3 (and newer MP4) files can contain long passages of grand symphonies or just a three-minute pop music hit. The format also provides for stereo sounds (bass in the left speaker, treble in the right) and easy copying and transmitting between computers.

Music Technologies of the ’80s

The 1985 Dire Straits album "Brothers In Arms" was the first CD to sell one million copies.
Audio and music recording and reproduction technologies made a significant leap during the 1980s. White music recording methods from previous decades, which provided analog reproductions of the original sound, were still in wide use during this time, the ’80s also heralded the first commercially available digital medium.

Compact Cassettes

  • Although Philips originally released the Compact Cassette in the 1960s as an audio dictation system, it became one of the dominant forms of music technology in the 1980s. Prior to the ’80s, the quality of Compact Cassette recordings was inferior to that of other magnetic tape systems. Improvements in recording and playback technology in the ’80s saw the Compact Cassette achieve comparable quality to LPs and FM radio, with the added advantage of making home recordings possible. After reaching the peak of its popularity in the 1980s, the Compact Cassette saw a rapid decline as the CD took a more dominant role in the 1990s.

LP Record

  • The long playing microgroove record, or LP, dates back to the 1940s, but was a central music recording technology in the 1980s. Advances in LP recording and playback technology culminated in the 1980s, allowing vinyl to compete with the likes of Compact Cassettes and FM radio. While tapes and CDs dominated home audio equipment in the 1980s, nightclubs, radio stations and other music venues used LP and single-playing microgroove analog records.

Compact Disks

  • In 1982, Philips and Sony launched the first commercially available digital music platform: the Compact Disc. The CD, an evolution of the failed Laserdisc technology of the 1970s, uses an optical storage system that is read by a laser. The use of an error correction code allows a CD to maintain full audio specifications, even if the disk is scratched or marked, and the disc does not degrade over time or through extended use, as magnetic tapes and microgroove records do. By the end of the 1980s, the CD had established itself as the natural successor to the cassette tape and vinyl record.

FM Radio

  • Frequency modulation, or FM, radio offers a considerably higher bandwidth than its amplitude modulation, or AM, predecessor. This allows for greatly improved sound quality and reception. Although FM radio was patented in the 1930s, it wasn’t until the end of the 1970s and beginning of the 1980s that FM listenership exceeded that of AM. During the 1980s, major radio stations begin a mass shift from AM to FM broadcasting, with many abandoning the former technology in favor of the superior sound of FM broadcasting.